An artistic illustration of a diverse group of people. Photo: Roman Tiraspolsky/Adobe Stock

The patience required for long-term innovation and success often runs headlong into the realities of short-term demands.

“There are quarterly goals for financial performance, and if the company cannot beat or at least meet them, the market will punish them a lot,” said Lei Gao, associate professor of finance at the George Mason University School of Business. ”The CEO might get fired or have their compensation package reduced.”

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