Fracking is a technique in which water, chemicals and sand are shot underground to free oil or gas from rock.

(Bloomberg) — The Obama administration issued the first federal regulations for fracking since the drilling technique fueled a domestic energy boom, requiring extensive disclosures of the chemicals used on public land.

After years of debate and delay, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) on Friday said drillers on federal lands must reveal the chemicals they use, meet certain well construction standards and safely dispose of contaminated water that flows back from fracked wells. The oil and gas industry said the rule isn’t necessary because state regulations already govern hydraulic fracturing.

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