From September 10-14, a group of young (ages 30-50) business and financial leaders gathered in Montreaux, Switzerland at the fifth annual meeting of the G-20Y summit. The mission? To discuss sustainable prosperity in the face of a world increasingly at risk.
The summit covered ten issues specifically in a series of structured discussions from which attendees then developed sets of recommendations for the G-20 heads of state and leading international financial organizations. The topics ranged from energy markets, to food security, to global financial reform and other topics.
This year’s summit was an especially important one, as it featured for the first time an insurance committee. This group discussed the role insurance plays in the global economy and how best to ensure that globally important insurance companies do not fail, endangering other sectors of the economy, as AIG’s meltdown in 2008 did.
Zurich North America CFO Dalynn Hoch co-chaired the insurance committee, and spoke with National Underwriter on how the group developed a compelling set of suggestions not just for how the insurance industry can be better at what it does, but how it can better synch with the efforts of every industry that insurance touches. The G-20Y Summit is nothing if not ambitious, but it’s already producing the kind of thought the insurance industry could use, and in so doing, has identified what might just be the four most important issues facing the insurance world now, and in the future.
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Let’s take a look.
Better insurance regulation
In the wake of the global financial crisis, kicked off in large part by AIG’s astonishing collapse, insurers across the board have been subject to additional regulatory scrutiny. Systemically important companies (whatever that means – the federal government is having a hard time deciding who is systemically significant and who is not) are under even stricter oversight to ensure that they don’t fail, and if they do, they won’t cause a domino effect across the economy.
The problem, of course, is that insurance is a global business, with lots of companies selling across multiple regulatory jurisdictions. This gets even more complicated if they are active in the United States, which has a separate jurisdiction for every state.
What insurers and the public need, the committee suggested, is better regulation. It recommends global group supervisory colleges (regular meetings of regulators to discuss issues that affect them all) with recognition of a lead supervisor. Zurich’s Dalynn Hoch describes noted that layer cakes are great when they’re made from Swiss chocolate, but not so much when they’re made from duplicative regulatory efforts. So the point here is for regulators to harmonize their efforts – to make how they do things work well in conjunction, while still preserving the local or regional nature of the regulations themselves. It is far easier said than done, but it is the kind of thing that, until it is achieved, will simply hold back insurers in terms of efficiency. Cumbersome regulation simply increases costs that get passed along.
When it comes to systemic risk, Hoch noted that regulators often focus on the size of the insurer rather than the nature of their business. AIG was big, indeed, but its size isn’t what made it problematic. Its credit default swap business was. Systemic risk, then, should be determined by the level of participation in risk behavior, nothing more. And systemic risk regulation should be focuses on systemic risk management, nothing more.
One area where regulatory disharmony really gets in the way is capital standards – how much money insurers need to keep on hand to cover their risks. The insurance committee suggested that insurance capital standards apply at the group consolidated level and recognize the specific risks in the insurer’s business model and organization. Regulators should be allowed to be flexible and to exercise sound judgment when it comes to evaluating capital standards, which should be risk-sensitive and comparable across jurisdictions.
Last week’s KPMG Insurance Conference mentioned big data and data analytics more than a few times as one of the most important developments in the modern insurance industry, and that insurers had to take advantage of it immediately. But at the same time, it would help if rules on data governance and privacy were optimized.
To that end, Hoch said, the committee recommended that governments support the digitization of records and of open data platforms. The more insurers can engage big data, the better it can analyze that data and better understand the risks it is covering. This, in turn, can make it easier for insurers to develop new products to address emerging risks, and at a pace far faster than today’s data environment will allow.
[Related: Can the P&C industry handle big data?]
The communique also called for a global data governance and control framework that would provide a swift regulatory approval process across jurisdictions. Think a big data equivalent to the regulatory harmonization called for earlier.
But what about privacy? What the committee calls for is a global “consumer Privacy Bill of Rights,” because right now, data privacy standards are all over the map, and there is just no consistency to what can be used in one industry, in one part of the world, and what can’t be used in other industries elsewhere. This really plays against the insurance industry, so the G-20Y communique calls for a privacy blueprint that would apply across all industries and ensure a consistent, level playing field for everyone when it comes to what is and what is not permissible use of consumer data.
The growing Boomer and senior populations, worldwide, are creating an unprecedented retirement crisis. In huge numbers, people do not have enough saved, in large part because they do not realize how much they need to save, or that they need to save at all. In a world where people are living longer lives, and will face higher medical bills during the final quarter of their years, some retirement savvy is a survival skill.
The G-20Y communique suggests a “retire wisely” summit where governments, educators and the private sector (e.g., insurers and financial advisors) can propose solutions and incentives to narrow the retirement savings gap. This would drive awareness of the need and propose alternatives to public pensions that eventually shift the financial burden back to the individual. We already see this quite a bit in the United States. It is the way of the future.
And finally, accounting regimes worldwide need to take the long-term nature of pension products (and products such as annuities) into account when valuating these liabilities. Their risk progresses over the duration of the product, and that needs to be recognized.
Mother Nature will, in fact, turn this car around
Right now, Hoch said, we spend some $100 billion a year coping with natural catastrophes. In the 1990s, that number was more like $20 billion. And of the money we spend, maybe 10% is on pre-mitigation; the rest is largely unbudgeted post-recovery. This obviously plays havoc with how insurers do their business, but really, this impacts everything. The global impact of natural disasters, the G-20Y communique said, could be greatly reduced simply by shifting a lot of the money we are already spending on recovery over to mitigation and risk management. It requires a significant re-think on the part of governments, private parties and not-for-profit organizations to come together so that communities are safer, and that when natural disasters do happen, they cause less damage and have shorter recovery times.
To that end, the communique called on the G20 governments to coordinate decision-making authority for pre-disaster management and post-management response, commit to long-term funding of pre-disaster mitigation investments (such as floodgates in flood-prone areas) and collaborate with business and communities to optimize pre-disaster mitigation. It all sounds fairly common-sense, right? But as we all know, it’s not being done in a huge swath of the world’s insured and uninsured areas exposed to loss.
The communique also called for a public/private partnership with prominent not-for-profit groups such as the Rockefeller Foundation and the 100 Resilient Cities Organization to adopt a robust natural disaster preparedness too to gauge risk exposure, mitigation already in place, adequacy of building codes and standards, community awareness of natural disasters, and how best to finance it all.
The truth is, populations are concentrating in areas most exposed to natural disaster risk, especially along coasts and water ways. Hoch noted that historically, that is where economies are the strongest, and where wealth builds the fastest, but note everybody living in the red zone can build wealth fast enough to protect what they build there.
For more on this, please visit the G-20Y Summit web page.