On Oct. 17, 1989, rush hour in the San Francisco Bay area was well underway, with commuters inching their ways along the myriad highways snaking out of the city. The Giants were hosting the Oakland Athletics at Candlestick Park in game three of the World Series.
Ninety-six miles away, at 5:04 p.m., in the Santa Cruz Mountains, the ground rumbled and then shook violently.
One of these programs, the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), requires states to submit a Standard Mitigation Plan for approval by FEMA as a condition for receiving disaster aid funding. According to the HMGP, one of the permissible uses of funding includes projects associated with "post-disaster building code related activities that support building code officials during the reconstruction process."
States also could increase the amount of funding they would qualify for by as much as 20 percent of the aggregate amount of grants to be awarded by preparing a more comprehensive program known as an Enhanced Mitigation Plan.